– John Adams, Boston Gazette (January 27, 1766)
It’s a jolt to see biology and technology put together this way by one of the Founding Fathers, but Adams may well have viewed the ticking of a heart and the ticking of a clock as two sides of the same coin. Physician William Harvey described the heart as a mechanical pump in 1628, dispelling earlier views of that organ as a magic bag of courage.
In a clock, the center wheel acts as a regulator, metering energy out to the gears in small, steady pushes. Similarly, the heart pushes units of energy (red blood cells, laden with oxygen) through the human body.
In a democracy, voting delivers life-sustaining energy throughout the body politic.
Painting: Portrait of John Adams by Gilbert Stuart via Library of Congress